Configuring offlineimap

Having most of my workflow on the commandline mailing my results using Tunderbird or Mail.app is sometimes quite a chore. I would rather do it from inside my workflow. mutt seems like a natural option. I also quite quickly considered alternatives like alpine - though since I prefer vim for my text editing I quickly decided against it.

offlineimap

For mutt it quickly became aparent that I would need some external tool to fetch my mail. Many sites describe offlineimap though as the maintainer put a message that he moved on to imapfw I was worried. Also my first attempt didn’t work out so I quickly decided I wanted to go with a “maintained” project.

So ultimately I ended at isync.

Initial configurations that I frankensteined together didn’t work either so I had to go on debugging.

certificate woes

I immediately got certificate errors. Even for google. In the configuration the have a commented line for certificates in the home directory. So I decided to get them for myself. Since I am behind the universities firewall in the same subnet as the mail servers I was not to worried that someone might MITM me bad certs.

In short I used

[~]$ openssl s_client -connect mailserver.uni.ac.at:993 -showcerts > crt

to download them. Basically I replace mailserver.uni.ac.at with my servers. Then I used trusty old vim to cut the blocks from -----BEGIN CERTIFICATE----- down to -----END CERTIFICATE----- (including those lines) into individual files which I named based on the identification before the blocks.

passwords

Along with this certificate issues I noticed that passwords often are put in plain text in the config files. An absolute no-go for me. I quickly discovered pass which uses gpg to encrypt them.

Sure still worried as these are then passed around in plain text - but at least I will not have them in my repositories on github.

oh gmail

since most tutorials explicitely explain how to set up gmail I was confused why it just wouldn’t work for me! It just wouldn’t accept the password. After long and useless research I recalled something was changed by google. You can now create passwords for less secure apps - and that was it. All I had to do was create an app password on the linked site. Nice - so now even in the encrypted store is my google password and I can easily delete the one for the app.

final config

so this is what is in my .mbsyncrc. I don’t want to post it as big text block as one needs to fill in the values that fit ones setup.

accounts
IMAPAccount uibk
Host exchange.uibk.ac.at
User c....
AuthMechs LOGIN
PassCmd "pass Mail/uibk"
SSLType IMAPS
SSLVersions TLSv1.2
CertificateFile ~/.cert/uibk.crt

IMAPAccount gmail
Host imap.gmail.com
User ....@gmail.com
AuthMechs LOGIN
PassCmd "pass Mail/gmail"
SSLType IMAPS
SSLVersions TLSv1.2
CertificateFile ~/.cert/gmail.crt

stores

nothing fancy here

IMAPStore uibk-remote
Account uibk
MaildirStore uibk-local
Path ~/Archive/Mail/Uibk/
Inbox ~/Archive/Mail/Uibk/Inbox

IMAPStore gmail-remote
Account gmail
MaildirStore gmail-local
Path ~/Archive/Mail/Gmail/
Inbox ~/Archive/Mail/Gmail/Inbox

though it was essential to create the folders using mkdir -p ~/Archive/Mail/Gmail.

and finally mbsync uibk gmail will work without error.

check automatically

Gotta leave this for now. I see there is an issue with cron on Mac.

Mutt later

Wow this got quite some post. I will describe how to set up mutt next time.

Diese Seiten werden auf einem Server der Universitaet Innsbruck gehostet und unterstehen diesen Richtlinien.